Heterodox/Nastika Philosophy

Āstika (Sanskrit: आस्तिक āstika; "it (heaven) exists") and Nāstika (नास्तिक, nāstika; "it doesn't exist") are technical terms in Hinduism used to classify philosophical schools and persons, according to whether they accept the authority of the Vedas as supreme revealed scriptures, or not, respectively. By this definition, Nyāyá, Vaiśeṣika, Sāṃkhya, Yoga, Mimāṃsā and Vedānta are classified as āstika schools; and some schools like Cārvāka, Jainism and Buddhism are considered nāstika.  The distinction is similar to the orthodox/heterodox distinction in the West.

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