Anthropology of the Ancient World

Disciplines: Social Sciences: Anthropology: Archaeological Anthropology:
Curators: William Short
Started: Dec 5, 2012
Keenan Patel
Started by: Keenan Patel
I want to learn this!
  1. Identify some of the shared features of state-level societies, and contrast these with the characteristics of complex chiefdoms.
  2. Compare and contrast theories of state origins advanced by scholars of the Marxian, cultural ecology, and political economy schools.
  3. Describe how the sites of Göbeckli Tepi, Abu Hureya, Çatal Höyük and Jericho illustrate the transition from hunting and gathering to sedentary agriculture and towns in the fertile crescent of the Middle East.
  4. Evaluate the material evidence from excavated Neolithic settlements of northern and southern Mesopotamia that points to emerging social complexity between 6000-4000 BCE.
  5. Analyse the cosmology, cosmography, and the rituals of the Epic of Gilgamesh. Relate these to Classical Greek mythology and the historic rituals of the cultures of the Mediterranean.
  6. Discuss the origins and evolution of cuneiform script. Explain how it came to be deciphered.
  7. Systematize the relationship between climate change, changing patterns of settlement and land use, and the introduction of agriculture to Egypt.
  8. Trace the process of the political unification of Egyptian chiefdoms into a state during the PreDynastic Period.
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  10. Generalize what is known of the principal details of ancient Egyptian cosmology from the iconography of predynastic maceheads, temple statues, tomb paintings, and the relief carvings found at king Djoser’s temple complex.
  11. Appraise how the Egyptian state was administered and financed during the Old Kingdom. Discuss how workmen and overseers were compensated during the construction of the Ghiza pyramids.
  12. Explain how the evidence related to subsistence and trading recovered from the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh in Balochistan, Pakistan, supports Gregory Possehl’s concept of an expanded nuclear zone.
  13. Evaluate the contention that the principal gods of Hindu India have their origins in the Indus civilization.   
  14. Contrast the differences in climate and ecology between the regions surrounding the Yellow (Huang) and Yangtse rivers, and describe the impact of these differences to the agricultural systems of these regions.
  15. Judge the degree to which ethnohistorical sources describing the earliest Chinese dynasties of the Yellow River Valley can be verified by the archaeological record.
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  17. Explain the functions of bronze vessels, stone chimes, bell sets, and inscribed turtle palastrons and ox scapula in rituals in Early Bronze Age China.
  18. Describe what is known of the religious, economic, and political functions of the Early Bronze Age “palace” complexes of Crete and Mycenean Greece.
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Comments (3)
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