"Učiti administraciju": školovanje javnih službenika u 18. stoljeću / Education of Public Servants in the 18th Century

Citation
Title:
"Učiti administraciju": školovanje javnih službenika u 18. stoljeću / Education of Public Servants in the 18th Century
Author:
Year: 
2009
Publication: 
Hrvatska javna uprava
Volume: 
IX
Issue: 
4
Start Page: 
1011
End Page: 
1055
Publisher: 
Language: 
Croatian
URL: 
Select license: 
Select License
DOI: 
PMID: 
ISSN: 
1331-6443
Abstract:

The paper reassesses the incentives, circumstances, and results of the development of methodology of public servants education in the 17th century. Basic stimuli for the development of administrative education were the affirmation of the monarch's sovereignty during early modern ages and the expansion of administrative tasks of institutionalized government, which resulted in significant specialization and professionalization of public administration. In the process, public administration had become a realm of specialized professionals, while the development of state became unthinkable without the formation of professional public servants as the exponents of state affairs. Along with the need of public administration for legal, financial, and technical knowledge, there appeared a growing concern of individual monarchs for the transfer of such knowledge. Simultaneously, the possibility of concrete application of the knowledge resulted in a rapid development of disciplines dealing with public administration, its organization, and functioning. The position of public servants, their competences and duties, and their relationship towards the monarch, local estates and the public became frequent themes of debate in royal courts of that time. An important aspect of those debates was the provision of new educational opportunities for public servants. Developing state administration required a new type of public servant, not just a lawyer with theoretical knowledge and experience acquired by traditional knowledge transfer. The new desirable characteristics of public servants were professionalism, impartiality, legal orientation, and finally, loyalty. In the course of the 18th century, the state entirely took over the burden of public servants education. Simultaneously, its utilitarian approach stimulates the development of sciences useful to the state administration and applicable in real life. One of the results of such development was the orientation of the universities towards such sciences and the establishment of a number of new higher education institutions primarily intended for the education of public servants, which were founded all over Europe under royal patronage since the beginning of the 18th century. The Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia were not an exception to these trends.

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